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About Ghana



The area of Ghana is 92,098 sq mi (approximately the same size as the UK). The population is 24.2 million. 13.5 million of the population are ethnic Akans in South Ghana. The official language is English; however, most of the population also speak at least one local language. The word Ghana means "Warrior King".

Ghana was adopted as the legal name for the Gold Coast combined with British Togoland upon declaration of independence and autonomy on 6 March 1957. Kwame Nkrumah was the first Prime Minister.

The 2012 Failed States Index indicated that Ghana is ranked the 67th least failed state in the world and the 5th least failed state in Africa. Ghana ranked as the 64th least politically corrupt country in the world out of all 174 countries ranked and Ghana ranked as the 5th least corrupt and politically corrupt country in Africa out of 53 countries in the 2012 Transparency International Corruption Perception Index.

The Ghana economy recorded 14% growth in 2011 and has one of the highest GDP growths on the Africa continent and in the world. Ghana is a Middle Income Economy and is ranked as a Lower–Middle Income Economy by the World Bank and is an Emerging Economy.Life expectancy at birth is 63 years for males and females There are about 15 physicians and 93 nurses per 100,000 persons. The adult literacy rate in Ghana was 65% in 2007, with males at 71.7% and females at 58.3%.

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